Symptoms of Spinal Meningitis
An inflammation of spinal and brain membranes can result in spinal meningitis. The disorder is related to bacterial and viral infection. Here the bacteria and viruses can invade meningitis to cause the disorder. When it comes to addressing this deadly condition, you first need to know the symptoms and find out if it is spinal meningitis or not. Some of the spinal meningitis symptoms are high fever, chills, stiff neck and joints, sensitivity to sound and noise, the problem in focusing and a confused state of mind, skin rashes and bruises, nausea and vomiting and might be seizures. Even infants can have this disorder and show symptoms like very high fever, irritability, too much sleepiness, constant crying, poor feeding, etc. Here we will unravel the ways of addressing the symptoms of meningitis disorder.
Early Diagnosis is Important
If you show the mentioned 3-4 symptoms of spinal meningitis, you must contact a healthcare professional. He will help in determining whether it is viral meningitis or bacterial meningitis. The treatments for both are different, and so it needs to be found out. By proper treatment, the person suffering from viral meningitis will recover in a few weeks time. But, it is not that easy to treat bacterial meningitis as it is a more severe disorder.
Antibiotics Must be Used Immediately
The most common way to addressing spinal meningitis symptoms is the use of antibiotics. Given intravenously, antibiotics may help to combat both viral and bacterial infection. As it is the brain and spinal cord that are infected here, the doctor needs to prescribe other sorts of medicines as well. To reduce inflammation and pressure, you have to take additional drugs.
When to Use Anti-Seizure Drugs?
If the person has difficulty focusing and shows a confused state of mind accompanied by episodes of seizures, the doctor will prescribe anti-seizure drugs. The patient continually needs to intake fluids, and in case there is dehydration, he is given fluids via intravenous or IV. The doctor checks the level of fluid now and then. Fluids in the body cannot be in excess or too little. The doctor regulates the fluid level in the body by continually monitoring the person. If needed, the person may be treated in the ICU and monitored every second.
The Use of Corticosteroids
The use of antibiotics promptly can help combat bacteria and viruses. There are antibiotics to fight a range of bacteria. After the condition is pretty normal, the doctor changes the antibiotic to target the specific virus or bacteria. To minimize any probability of seizure or brain swelling, the doctor can prescribe corticosteroids. Most of the conditions relating to meningitis are the result of viruses than bacteria. You have to complete the course of corticosteroid or steroid treatment.
It is true that prevention is better than cure. You may get vaccinated for Streptococcus pneumonia to save yourself from spinal meningitis symptoms. Neisseria meningitidis is also a common vaccination to save from spinal disorder.